Project summary

Carbon emissions generated by human activity definitely contribute to climate change. Maritime and logistics flows, port operations and related industries leave a particularly large carbon footprint in strait areas. The aim of PASSAGE project is to reduce the consequences of such flows and activities on climate change by promoting low-carbon initiatives. The long-term competitiveness of the straits depends on it.
In the context of a low-carbon society, maritime and coastal zones hold a specific potential based on maritime resources and sea-related innovation – the so-called “blue growth”.


from 1 Apr 2016
to 30 Sep 2020

Low-carbon economy

Maritime borders, at the heart of the project

It is always worth reminding that carbon dioxide emissions do not stop at national borders. Although every public player makes an effort to reduce emissions to the extent they can, very specific coordination is nevertheless required in border areas, where the goals and interests of each region may differ from one place to the next. Consultation is therefore needed between public and private players on both sides of each border, as well as an integrated approach beyond the borders towards environmental issues. 

In the case of maritime borders, discontinuity between regions and a physical border strongly marked by the presence of the sea may complicate the above-mentioned approach, which may seem natural to others. One of the goals of the PASSAGE project is to promote cross-border consultation within maritime borders so as to take full advantage of the opportunities linked to low-carbon development and “blue” economy.

What policy instruments does the project address?

INTERREG VA 2 Seas is a cross-border cooperation programme covering the maritime border between the Channel and North Sea, where, as stated in the cooperation programme document, “the strategic role and position of the Dover Strait is key (...) being the link between the two seas”.

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Which partners are working on this?
  • Pas-de-Calais County Council
  • Kent County Council

INTERREG VA programme Italy-France “Maritime” involves five regions on the maritime border between France and Italy: Corse, Liguria, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Sardinia and Tuscany. It promotes economic competitiveness, environmental protection and social cohesion and covers Corsica Channel.

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Which partners are working on this?
  • Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Bastia and Haute-Corse
  • Chamber of Commerce of Maremma and Tirreno [until 31/08/2016 'Chamber of Commerce of Livorno']

INTERREG V A Greece-Italy is a cross-border cooperation programme covering the maritime border region between Greece and Italy, to which belongs the Strait of Otranto.

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Which partners are working on this?
  • Province of Lecce
  • InnoPolis: "Centre for Innovation & Culture"
  • Region of Ionian Islands

The strategic plan of Vlora region aims at reaching a “zero emission territory” by 2020. It describes the regional territory’s current situation and illustrates the shared sustainable development strategy that was chosen by the regional community. It is the only policy instrument tackled by the project that does not have a cross-border dimension though Vlora Regional Council is involved in cross-border cooperations with Greece and Italy and its geography is impacted by two straits: the Strait of Otranto and Strait of Corfu.

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Which partners are working on this?
  • Regional Council of Vlora

INTERREG V A Central Baltic is a cross-border cooperation programme; it covers the maritime border region of the Gulf of Finland and beyond.

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Which partners are working on this?
  • Helsinki-Uusimaa Regional Council
  • Harju County Government (partner until 30/11/2017)
  • Union of Harju County Municipalities (partner from 01/12/2017)

The INTERREG VA Germany-Denmark is a cross-border cooperation programme which covers both the territorial and the maritime border regions between Denmark and Germany.

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Which partners are working on this?
  • Femern Belt Development